Glossary

Landrace – A landrace of a seed-propagated crop can be defined as a variable population, which is identifiable and usually has a local name. It lacks “formal” crop improvement, is characterized by a specific adaptation to the environmental conditions of the area of cultivation (tolerant to the biotic and abiotic stresses of that area) and is closely associated with the traditional uses, knowledge, habits, dialects, and celebrations of the people who developed and continue to grow it. – Source Negri 2007

Loam: Soil Type. Loamy soil is dark brown to black in color, containing a proportional amount of minerals as well as organic matter, making it well suited for plant growth.  – Source Science Direct 

Perennial: Perennial plants do not have to be reseeded or replanted every year, so they do not require annual plowing or herbicide applications to establish. Perennial crops are robust; they protect soil from erosion and improve soil structure. They increase ecosystem nutrient retention, carbon sequestration, and water infiltration, and can contribute to climate change adaptation and mitigation. Overall, they help ensure food and water security over the long term. Many fruit, forage and some vegetable crops, including fruit trees, alfalfa, grapes, asparagus, and olive trees, are perennials that have been grown for thousands of years. – Source The Land Institute

Pollinator: Without the actions of pollinators, agricultural economies, our food supply, and surrounding landscapes would collapse.Birds, bats, bees, butterflies, beetles, and other small mammals that pollinate plants are responsible for bringing us one out of every three bites of food. They also sustain our ecosystems and produce our natural resources by helping plants reproduce.This nearly invisible ecosystem service is a precious resource that requires attention and support and in disturbing evidence found around the globe, is increasingly in jeopardy. Source Pollinator Partnership

Terra: Latin, literally ‘earth – Source Oxford English Dictionary